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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Short Communication

Year: 2020

Authors: Kaltenecker, D; Spirk, K; Ruge, F; Grebien, F; Herling, M; Rupprecht, A; Kenner, L; Pohl, EE; Mueller, KM; Moriggl, R

Title: STAT5 is required for lipid breakdown and beta-adrenergic responsiveness of brown adipose tissue.

Source: Mol Metab. 2020; 40:101026



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Grebien Florian
Kaltenecker Doris
Moriggl Richard
Müller Kristina
Pohl Elena
Ruge Vollrath Frank
Rupprecht Anne
Spirk Katrin

Vetmed Research Units
Institute for Medical Biochemistry
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Unit for Functional Cancer Genomics
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Unit of Molecular Genetics
Institute of Physiology, Pathohysiology and Biophysics, Unit of Physiology and Biophysics


Project(s): Common Oncogenic Mechanisms in Multi-Partner Translocation Families in Acute Myeloid Leukemia


Abstract:
Increasing energy expenditure through activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis is an attractive approach to counteract obesity. It is therefore essential to understand the molecular mechanisms that control BAT functions. Until now several members of the Janus kinase (JAK) - signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway have been implicated as being relevant for BAT physiology. However, whether the STAT family member STAT5 is important for the thermogenic property of adipose tissues is unknown. Therefore, we have investigated the role of STAT5 in thermogenic fat in this paper.We performed metabolic and molecular analyses using mice that harbor an adipocyte-specific deletion of Stat5a/b alleles.We found that STAT5 is necessary for acute cold-induced temperature maintenance and the induction of lipid mobilization in BAT following β3-adrenergic stimulation. Moreover, mitochondrial respiration of primary differentiated brown adipocytes lacking STAT5 was diminished. Increased sensitivity to cold stress upon STAT5 deficiency was associated with reduced expression of thermogenic markers including uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), while decreased stimulated lipolysis was linked to decreased protein kinase A (PKA) activity. Additionally, brown remodeling of white adipose tissue was diminished following chronic β3-adrenergic stimulation, which was accompanied by a decrease in mitochondrial performance.We conclude that STAT5 is essential for the functionality and the β-adrenergic responsiveness of thermogenic adipose tissue.Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier GmbH.. All rights reserved.


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