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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Case Report

Year: 2020

Authors: Bünger, M; Brunthaler, R; Unterweger, C; Loncaric, I; Dippel, M; Ruczizka, U; Schwarz, L; Griessler, A; Voglmayr, T; Verhovsek, D; Ladinig, A; Spergser, J

Title: Mycoplasma hyorhinis as a possible cause of fibrinopurulent meningitis in pigs? - a case series.

Source: Porcine Health Manag. 2020; 6(1):38

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Brunthaler Rene
Bünger Moritz
Dippel Maximiliane
Ladinig Andrea
Loncaric Igor
Ruczizka Ursula
Schwarz Lukas
Spergser Joachim
Unterweger Christine
Verhovsek Doris

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Microbiology
Institute of Pathology
University Clinic for Swine

Mycoplasma hyorhinis is an invader of the upper respiratory tract in swine that is considered to have ubiquitous distribution. It is mainly known for causing polyserositis and polyarthritis in weaned piglets, even though the mechanisms of systemic spread are not fully understood. Mycoplasma hyorhinis has also been associated with other diseases in pigs such as pneumonia or otitis media, but so far has not been known to cause central nervous disorders. This case series reports the isolation of Mycoplasma hyorhinis from cerebrospinal fluid and/ or meningeal swabs from piglets originating from four different piglet producing farms in Austria.On farm 1, coughing, stiff movement and central nervous signs occurred in nursery piglets. Mycoplasma hyorhinis was the only pathogen isolated from meningeal swabs from two piglets showing central nervous signs. Fibrinopurulent leptomeningitis was only observed in one piglet. Only one of two nursery piglets from farm 2 showed mild central nervous signs but no histologic lesions; Mycoplasma hyorhinis was isolated from cerebrospinal fluid of the piglet with neurologic signs. Mycoplasma hyorhinis was isolated from cerebrospinal fluid of all three investigated piglets from farm 3, all of which showed central nervous signs and purulent leptomeningitis. Further, Streptococcus suis was isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of one piglet. Fibrinopurulent leptomeningitis was detected in two piglets from farm 4 that had died overnight without showing any clinical signs and Mycoplasma hyorhinis was isolated from meningeal swabs from both piglets.While causality has yet to be proven by experimental infection and in situ detection of the pathogen in histologic sections, the findings of this study and the absence of other pathogens suggest Mycoplasma hyorhinis as a potential causative agent of meningitis in swine.

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